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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 20(1); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 2011;20(1): 29-51.
조선 후기 『본초강목』의 전래와 그 활용 : 『본초정화』, 『본초부방편람』을 중심으로
오재근1, 김용진2
1대전대학교 한의과대학 원전학교실
2대전대학교 한의과대학 의사학교실
The Introduction of Compendium of Materia Medica and Praxis in the Late Joseon Dynasty
Chaekun Oh1, Yongjin Kim2
1Department of Korean Medical Classics, College of Korean Medicine, Daejon University, Korea.
2Department of History of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Daejon University, Korea. king@dju.kr
ABSTRACT
Sakae Miki said Classified Emergency Materia Medica had been the dominant standard of herbology throughout Joseon Dynasty, and that Compendium of Materia Medica had only been accepted so lately that a few books used herbological result of it in the late Joseon Dynasty. But according to Visiting Old Beijing Diary written by Munjoong Seo in 1690, Compendium of Materia Medica was in fact introduced before the year 1712, the year Miki Sakae argued to be the year Compendium of Materia Medica was accepted to Joseon officially. Now, we can assume that the introducing year of Compendium of Materia Medica was faster than Miki Sakae's opinion by the following reasons; the effort of Joseon government and intellectuals to buy new books of Ming & Ching; the publishing year of the book for living in countryside regarded as the first citing literature of Compendium of Materia Medica. And the True Records of the Joseon Dynasty and many collections written by intellectuals in the 18th century show that the herbological knowledge from Compendium of Materia Medica had already spread to the corners of Joseon Dynasty. Thus we can make the following assumption: Classified Emergency Materia Medica and Compendium of Materia Medica had coexisted in the late Joseon Dynasty. Sakae Miki suggested 6 examples which used Compendium of Materia Medica in the late Joseon Dynasty. I reviewed two of them in this paper, Essentials of Materia Medica & Handbook of Prescriptions from Materia Medica. Essentials of Materia Medica quoted Compendium of Materia Medica briefly focusing clinical use, and Handbook of Prescriptions from Materia Medica also re-compiled Compendium of Materia Medica to practical use according to the form of Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine. It means that the results of Compendium of Materia Medica have been used positively, based on the herbology of materia medica from countryside. From this point of view, the hyphothesis there weren't any herbological progress after accepting Compendium of Materia Medica in the late Joseon Dynasty by Sakae Miki can be denied.
Key Words: Sakae Miki, Compendium of Materia Medica, Essentials of Materia Medica, Handbook of Prescriptions from Materia Medica
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