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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 15(2); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 2006;15(2): 237-250.
박서양(朴瑞陽)의 의료활동과 독립운동
박형우1, 홍정완2
1연세대학교 의과대학 해부학교실 및 의사학과
2연세대학교 의과대학 의사학과
Suh Yang Park, who Became a Doctor as a Son of a Butcher
Hyoung Woo Park1, Jung Wan Hong2
1Department of Anatomy & Medical History, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
2Department of Medical History, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
ABSTRACT
Dr. Suh Yang Park was born in 1885 as a son of a butcher, which was the lowest class at that time in Korea. However, contact with western missionaries, including Dr. O. R. Avison, provided him with an understanding of western civilization. After entering Chejungwon Medical School in 1900, Dr. Park learned basic sciences, basic medical sciences like anatomy and physiology, and other Western medical specialties such as internal medicine and surgery. He graduated from medical school in 1908 and received Government Certificate from Home Office, the first in Korea in this field, which granted the right to practice medicine. His certificate number was 4th overall. As both a doctor and a talented musician, Dr. Park actively participated in the social enlightenment movement. He was quite progressive in his time, having surpassed the social limitations as a son of a butcher, as well as actively propagating his knowledge of Western civilization onto others. After graduation, he had served as a professor at the school he graduated from, until he went into exile in Manchuria in 1917 due to the annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910. There, he opened a hospital and provided medical treatment for Koreans. He also established a school for young Koreans, inspiring them with a sense of nationalism. Also, Dr. Park was an active member of various Independence Movement Organizations in Manchuria. Then in 1932, at the time when Japan took control of Manchuria, his school was closed down. As a result, Dr. Park couldn't help but stop his anti-Japanese activities. In 1936, he returned to his homeland and passed away in 1940, just five years before the liberation of Korea from Japanese occupation.
Key Words: Suh Yang Park, O. R. Avison, Sung Chun Park, Chejungwon Medical School, YMCA, Manchuria
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