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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 15(1); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 2006;15(1): 1-21.
한말과 일제시기 선교의사들의 전통의학 인식과 연구
The Gaze of the Others: How the Western medical missionaries viewed the traditional Korean medicine
In Sok Yeo
Department of Medical History, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
It is generally known that the Western medical missionaries played an important role in introducing Western medicine into Korea. However, little is known about their role in introducing traditional medicine of Korea to the Western world. The present paper aims at showing various efforts of the Western medical missionaries to understand the Korean traditional medicine and to introduce it to the Western world. Allen payed attention to the clinical effect and commercial value of the Ginseng; Busteed gave anthropological descriptions of the traditional medical practice; Landis translated a part of the most cherished medical textbook of Korean traditional medicine Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam into English; Mills, along with his colleagues in Severance Union Medical College, tried more scientific approaches toward the traditional medicine. All these various efforts proves that the attitudes of the Western medical missionaries cannot be summarized as one simplistic view, that is, the orientalism, a term which is quite en vogue today. Of course, we cannot deny that there may be such elements, but to simplify the whole history as such does not only reflect the fact, but also miss a lot of things to be reflected in history.
Key Words: Traditional Medicine, Medical Missionary, Western Medicine, Ginseng, Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam
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