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븳뼇 鍮꾧탳뿭궗臾명솕뿰援ъ냼 肄쒕줈궎뾼: Unimagining Ethnicity in China (2015/04/30)

븳뼇븰援 HK 듃옖뒪궡뀛꼸씤臾명븰 궗뾽떒怨 鍮꾧탳뿭궗臾명솕뿰援ъ냼뒗 삤뒗 2015뀈 4썡 30씪(紐) 삤썑 4떆뿉 듃옖뒪궡뀛꼸 씤臾명븰 肄쒕줈궎 "Unimagining the Past" 떆由ъ쫰쓽 꽕 踰덉㎏ 媛뺤쥖瑜 媛쒖턀빀땲떎.


HK 궗뾽떒쓽 씪솚쑝濡 議곗쭅릺뒗 듃옖뒪궡뀛꼸씤臾명븰 肄쒕줈궎 '洹쇰/쟾洹쇰', '꽌援/鍮꾩꽌援', '誘쇱”'怨 '援媛' 벑쓽 踰붿< 寃쎄퀎瑜 떦뿰븳 寃껋쑝濡 쟾젣빐삩 湲곗〈 씤臾명븰/궗쉶怨쇳븰쓽 쓣 꽆뼱 씠뱾 踰붿<瑜 臾몄젣솕븯뒗 留λ씫쟻씤 떆媛곸쓣 냼媛쒗븯뒗뜲 紐⑹쟻쓣 몢怨 엳뒿땲떎.


듅엳 "Unimagining the Past" 떆由ъ쫰뿉꽌뒗 '怨쇨굅'뿉 븳 吏떇怨 떞濡좎씠 誘쇱”, 醫낆”, 씤醫 벑 吏묓빀쟻 젙泥댁꽦쓽 (옱)援ъ꽦뿉꽌 뼱뼚븳 뿭븷쓣 빐솕쑝硫, 룞떆뿉 씠뿉 븳 吏諛곗쟻 씠빐媛 떎떆 '怨쇨굅'뿉 븳 吏떇怨 떞濡좎쓣 뼱뼸寃 吏썙솕뒗吏瑜 鍮꾪뙋쟻쑝濡 궡렣蹂닿퀬옄 빀땲떎.


4썡 30씪 媛뺤쥖쓽 뿰궗뒗 Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification in Modern China (U. of California Press, 2011)쓽 옄씤 誘멸뎅 Stanford University 궗븰怨쇱쓽 Thomas S. Mullaney 援먯닔엯땲떎.


媛뺤쥖 젣紐⑹ "Unimagining Ethnicity in China: The Constitution of Minority Identity after the Ethnic Classification"씠硫, 넗濡좎옄濡쒕뒗 씠솕뿬옄븰援먯쓽 吏꾩꽭젙 援먯닔 븳뼇븰援먯쓽 源긽쁽 援먯닔媛 李몄뿬빀땲떎.




젣 紐: Unimagining Ethnicity in China: The Constitution of Minority Identity after the Ethnic Classification

뿰 궗: Thomas S. Mullaney (誘멸뎅 Stanford University 궗븰怨)

넗 濡: 吏꾩꽭젙 (씠솕뿬옄븰援 援젣븰遺), 源긽쁽 (븳뼇븰援 鍮꾧탳뿭궗臾명솕뿰援ъ냼)


씪 떆: 2015뀈 4썡 30씪(紐) 삤썑 4:00-6:00

옣 냼: 븳뼇븰援 씤臾멸낵븰븰 205샇


二 理: 븳뼇븰援 HK 듃옖뒪궡뀛꼸씤臾명븰 궗뾽떒 / 鍮꾧탳뿭궗臾명솕뿰援ъ냼

썑 썝: 븳援뿰援ъ옱떒

臾 쓽: 02-2220-0545



Unimagining Ethnicity in China: The Constitution of Minority Identity after the Ethnic Classification


Thomas S. Mullaney

Associate Professor of Chinese History

Stanford University


In China of the 1950s, ethnologists, linguists, and Communist authorities undertook a bureaucratic-cum-social scientific project known as the "Ethnic Classification." Here it was determined which among China's hundreds of ethnic minority communities would and would not be officially recognized by the state. Such was the subject of the speaker's first book, Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification in Modern China (UC Press, 2011). What followed after the Classification was an equally if not more complex process which historians have yet to understand, let alone document.


Having merged nearly 400 minority communities into just 55 officially recognized minority categories, the Chinese state would now need to determine (or invent) the "standard" form of each: a standard or "representative" dialect, clothing style, dance-form, folklore, historical narrative, and much more. What ensued was a deeply politicized process in which state authorities, social scientists, and ethnic minority elites struggled to determine the hierarchies that would govern intra-ethnic (as compared to inter-ethnic) relations for which group - a profound challenge when we consider that single "groups" encompassed upwards of dozens of distinct subgroups or "branches."


For those ethnic subgroups whose spoken language and cultural forms were designated as "representative" of the overall minority, one could expect to hear it broadcast over radio and television, and encounter one's cultural practices in print, performance, film, pedagogy, museums exhibits, and more - to become the primus inter pares within one's ethnonational category. For those whose cultural forms were demarcated as "dialectal" or "variant," by contrast, their potential fate stood in stark contrast: a marked absence of state investment in their identity forms, and the specter of widespread, local-level cultural extinctions.


This talk will investigate the attempted standardization of minority identities in the post-Classification period, focusing upon one of the most illustrative post-Classification initiatives: the determination and creation of "standard minority dialects" for each of China's newly recognized groups, which would form the basis of minority language newspapers, broadcasting, and newly invented writing systems for non-literate communities.



* 븳뼇븰援 罹좏띁뒪 빟룄: http://www.hanyang.ac.kr/code_html/visual/vr/_hys_tour.htm


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