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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 6(2); 1997 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 1997;6(2): 217-230.
서재필의 생애와 사상: 근대적 공중위생론의 대중적 전파자
The Life and Thought of Dr. Suh Jae-Phil (Philip Jaison): Propagating Modern Ideas of Public Health and Sanitarian Hygiene
Jong Chan Lee
Ajou School of Medicine, Department of the History of Medicine, Korea.
The paper explores the life and thought of Dr. Suh Jae-Phil, an enlightened reformer of the late Yi dynasty, in terms of modern concepts and theories on public hygiene. He had never been involved in medical practices in Korea. Rather he actively participated in achieving national independence and disseminating enlightenment thought. This first Western medical doctor in Korea had struggled to propagate modern thought of public health and sanitarian hygiene in the editorials of The Independent(Tongnip Sinmun), one of the most active newspapers to spread Western ideas of civilization in that period. The editorials were strategically used as a vehicle for spreading Western liberal ideas in general and ideas of public hygiene in particular. Dr. Suh asserted modern ideas of public hygiene to be prerequisites for the establishment of modern state. His strong committment to them included the control of infectious diseases, small pox vaccination, clean water, population growth, and personal hygiene.
Key Words: Suh Jae-Phil(Philip Jaison), Public Hygiene, The Independent(Tongnip Sinmun), Enlightenment
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