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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 5(1); 1996 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 1996;5(1): 11-20.
앨리스 해밀턴: 의학연구와 사회개혁이 조화된 삶
김옥주1, 황상익2
1미국 미네소타대학교 의과대학 醫史學교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 醫史學교실
Alice Hamilton: the Harmonized Life as a Medical Researcher and a Social Reformer
Ok Joo Kim1, Sang Ik Hwang2
1Department of History of Medicine, Medical School, University of Minnesota, USA.
2Department of the History of Medicine and Medical Humanities, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
We have not a little information about the contribution of Alice Hamilton on the development of the American industrial medicine as well as her life as an eminent industrial toxicologist and a social reformer through the study of some researchers. But her internal conflict between womanhood and professionalism has not been fully studied. The conflict was not first appeared on the Alice's mind, but it had long history since the women entered the medical field that men had monopolized in the mid-nineteenth century. In this paper, authors traced the two strategies of the women doctors through following the lives of the two typical pioneers, Elizabath Blackwell and Mary Putnam Jacobi, respectively, and how two trends, womanhood and professionalism, were harmonized in Alice's work and life through her own endeavor.
Key Words: Alice Hamilton, Womanhood, Professionalism, Medical Research, Social Service, Social Reform, Industrial Medicine, Elizabath Blackwell, Mary Putnam Jacobi, Woman Doctor
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