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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 8(1); 1999 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 1999;8(1): 25-44.
제중원에서의 초기 의학교육(1885-1908)
박형우1, 박윤재1, 여인석1, 김일순2
1연세대학교 의과대학 의사학과
2연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
Medical education in Je Joon Won
Hyoung Woo Park1, Yun Jae Park1, In Sok Yeo1, Il Soon Kim2
1Department of Medical History, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Medical education in Je Joong Won was proposed and initiated by Dr. HN Allen. In his proposal of building a new hospital, submitted to the king in 1885, he expressed his wish to teach Western medicine to young Koreans at the hospital. The king welcomed his proposal and the plan was soon realized. Je Joon Won, the first modern hospital in Korea, opened on April 10th, 1885. The following year, on March 29th, Dr. Allen began medical school attached to the hospital. Many applicants were recruited by the government and 16 students were selected through the entrance examination. At first, they were taught English and finally 12 students out of them were selected after three months of teaching. The selected students were taught arithmetic, physics, chemistry, anatomy and physiology. The medical education at this period cannot be evaluated entirely successful since none of the 12 students was presumed to have worked as a practitioner.
Key Words: Medical Education in Korea, Je Joong Won, Allen, Avison
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