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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 4(1); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 1995;4(1): 23-35.
한국에서 공중위생의 제도화 과정, 1876-1910년
이종찬, 기창덕
The Institutionalization of Public Hygiene in Korea, 1876-1910
Jong Chan Lee, Chang Duck Kee
On the whole, the major impetus for the institutionalization of public hygiene in Korea came from two directions. On one hand, the self-enlightened intellectuals had introduced a variety of Western ideas and theories on public hygiene since the mid-eighteenth century. On the other hand, Japan strongly influenced the modern systems of Korean health care and medical education, especially through Japanese efforts at the sanitary control of infectious diseases such as smallpox and cholera. The institutionalization of Korea's public hygiene in this period corresponded not to the high ideas of the progressive intellectuals but to the larger social and institutional changes caused by the major political events. Ideas of public hygiene were institutionalized as a powerful strategy of linking the imperial capital and colonial domains.
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