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Korean J Med Hist > Volume 11(1); 2002 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical History 2002;11(1): 49-64.
의와 오리엔탈리즘: 개화기 조선을 중심으로
이종찬
Medicine and Orientalism in the Late Nineteenth Century Korea
Jong Chan Lee
Department of Medical Humanities and Social Medicine, Ajou University, Korea.
ABSTRACT
The paper investigates medical missionaries that exerted a significant role in establishing Western medicine in the late nineteenth century Chosun, in relation to orientalism, an academically popularized concept introduced by Edward Said. Historical analysis is focused on several important medical missionaries such as Horace N. Allen, William B. Scranton, John W. Heron, C.C. Vinton, and Oliver R. Avison to explain how their activism as medical missionary contributed to the formation of medical orientalism in which Western medicine was 'taught, studied, administered, and judged' in that period. In addition, I explore into how medical orientalism was in service of Japanese imperialism by showing that medical missionaries had to be under imperial surveillance by Japanese colonizers. article explores the medical system of the Koryo Dynasty period and its social characteristics. First, the structure of medical system and roles of medical institutions during the Koryo Dynasty period will be summarized. Then, the characteristics of the medical system will be identified through exploring the principles of its formation in a view of social recognition of medical care and a view of public policy.
Key Words: Orierntalism, Missionary, Empire, Medicine, Hygiene
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